剑桥雅思4阅读文章分析:play is a serious business

剑桥雅思4阅读文章分析:play is a serious business

时间:2020-03-16 07:23 作者:admin 点击:
阅读模式

  A 段( introduce the topic/problem )

  首句开门见山引出文章主题: Playing is a serious business. 后面的句子主语都是具体名词( children, fox )不用看。而后出现指示性词语 but ,后面内容说明很重要。 For a start, play can cost animals their lives. 就引出关于 玩 的问题所在EuE.既然玩可能会付出生命的代价,说明它确实很严肃,那么玩到底能给动物带来些什么呢,这就是问题所在了.下面出现数字具体名词等都是细节,不用看。

  B 段 (literature review)

  首句设问,自问自答,答案在第二句。 The latest idea suggests that play has evolved to build big brains. In other words, playing makes you intelligent.

  这句话就是段落主旨句,既然文章要论证玩是严肃的事,所以这里就搬出最新理论说明玩和智力发展的关系。

  C,D 段( Comment on the previous theories )

  C , D 两段主要承接 B 段提出的理论进行分析批判

  C 段:批判 Exercise theory

  首句: Take the exercise theory.

  D 段:批判 Skill-training hypothesis

  首句: Then there s the skill-training hypothesis.

  通过 C , D 两段尾句可以发现玩和身体健康以及培养技能没有必然的联系,故下文内容大致可以推断为作者提出他自己的看法。

  E 段( writer s approach )

  作者认为玩直接和大脑有关,从首句从句内容即可发现: There is a strong positive link between brain size and playfulness among mammals in general.

  F , G , H 段都应该是 supporting evidences

  F 段( supporting evidence 1: the timing of play and brain )

  首句 the timing of the playful stage in young animals provides an important clue to what s going on.

  记住文章的论述的主题是玩和大脑的关系,所以这句话就意在揭示玩的时间段和大脑的关系。通过尾句我们可以找到这种联系: I concluded it s to do with learning and with the importance of environmental data to the brain during development.

  玩的时间决定着大脑发展中环境数据的输入。

  G 段( supporting evidence 2: Play and the activated areas of brain )

  首句: People have not paid enough attention to the amount of the brain activated by play

  玩能激起大脑很多部分的开发。

  H 段 (Supporting Evidence 3: play and higher cognitive process)

  首句: but it also seems to activate higher cognitive process.

  玩还能激发高级的认知能力

  I 段(展望未来)

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